WWI Marine Companies
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  1. #1

    WWI Marine Companies

    While searching for the numbers designations of Marine Companies in WWI, I found these;
    Foster, Frank L.
    Forty-fifth Company, U.S. Marine Corps; now at the front in France

    McLaughlin, Cornelius
    Fiftieth company, U.S. Marines, Paris Island, S.C.

    Menzie, Sergeant H.E.
    U.S.M.C., U.S.S. Arkansas, Box 10, Care Postmaster, New York City

    Sindlinger, L.E.
    Eightieth Company, U.S. Marines training Camp, Paris Island, S.C.
    Sloat, Charles Arthur

    Matej Kocak
    Sergeant, US Marine Corps

    Born: December 31, 1882 at Egbell,Hungary (Slovakia)
    Entered Service: New York, NY
    Date/Place of Action: July 18, 1918 - Soissons, France
    Unit: 66th Company, 5th Regiment, 2d Division
    Presentation: (Army) February 18, 1919 - (Navy) Nov 11, 192
    DOUBLE RECIPIENT - Received BOTH Army and Navy MOH
    Date of Death: October 04, 1918 (Killed In Action)
    Buried at: Meuse Argonne Cemetery - Romagne Meuse, France

    John Joseph Kelly
    Private, US Marine Corps

    Born: June 24, 1898 at Chicago, IL
    Entered Service: Chicago, IL
    Date/Place of Action: October 03, 1918 - Blanc Mont Ridge, France
    Unit: 78th Company, 6th Regiment, 2d Division
    Presentation: At Coblenz, France By General John J. Pershing on March 17, 1919
    DOUBLE RECIPIENT - Received BOTH Army and Navy MOH
    Date of Death: November 20, 1957
    Buried at: All Saints Cemetery - Des Plaines, IL

    John Henry Pruitt
    Corporal, US Marine Corps

    Born: October 04, 1896 at Fayetteville, AR
    Entered Service: Phoenix, AZ
    Date/Place of Action: October 03, 1918 - Blanc Mont Ridge, France
    Unit: 78th Company, 6th Regiment, 2d Division
    Presentation: G.O. 62, WD - May 10, 1919
    Date of Death: October 04, 1918 (Killed In Action)
    DOUBLE RECIPIENT - Received BOTH Army and Navy MOH
    Buried at: Arlington National Cemetery - Arlington, VA

    Below are exceprts from;
    The United States Marine Corps in the World War
    By Major Edwin N. McClellan, USMC
    First Printed 1920
    Facsimile Reprinted 1968

    The following units were organized by the Overseas Depot: Third, Fourth,
    Fifth, Sixth, Ninth, Tenth, Eleventh Separate Battalions; Second and Third
    Machine Gun Battalions; Fifth Brigade Machine Gun Battalion; Second and Third
    Separate Machine Gun Battalions; Eleventh and Thirteenth Regiments; total,
    approximately, 16,000 officers and enlisted men. The Seventh and Eighth
    Separate Battalions were organized and sent to France from Marine Barracks,
    Parris Island, S. C.

    My note;
    I think the letters were used by the Army.

    First Battalion. Second Battalion. Third Battalion.

    17th (A) Company. 18th (E) Company. 16th (I) Company.
    49th (B) Company. 43d (F) Company. 20th (K) Company.
    66th (C) Company. 51st (G) Company. 45th (L) Company.
    67th (D) Company. 55th (H) Company. 47th (M) Company.
    My note;
    In 1959, I was part of Charlie 1/5. it would have been the 66th Company of the 5th Marine Regiment.

    8th Machine Gun Company.
    Supply Company.
    Headquarters Company.

    First Battalion. Second Battalion. Third Battalion.
    74th (A) Company. 78th (E) Company. 82nd (J) Company.
    75th (B) Company. 79th (F) Company. 83rd (K) Company.
    76th (C) Company. 80th (G) Company. 84th (L) Company.
    95th (D) Company. 96th (H) Company. 97th (M) Company.

    73d Machine Gun Company.
    Supply Company.
    Headquarters Company.

    15th (A) Company.
    23d (B) Company.
    77th (C) Company.
    81st (D) Company.

    1,811 battle deaths (of which approximately 1,062 were Marines) and suffered additional casualties amounting to 7,252 (of which approximately 3,615 were Marines).
    It was that fighting and those 9,063 casualties that first made the
    name Chateau-Thierry famous.

    The achievements of the Fourth Brigade of Marines in the Chateau-Thierry sector was twice recognized by the French.
    The first, which changed the name of the Bois de Belleau, was a beautiful tribute spontaneously made to the successes and to the losses of the Fourth Brigade of Marines, and shows the
    deep effect that the retaking of Belleau Wood and other near-by positions from the Germans had on the feelings of the French and the morale of the Allies.
    Official maps were immediately modified to conform with the provisions of the order, the plan directeur used in later operations bearing the name "Bois de la Brigade de Marine."
    The French also used this new name in their orders, as
    illustrated by an ordre general dated August 9, 1918, signed by the commanding general of the Sixth French Army, reading in part as follows:
    Avant la grande offensive du 18 Juillet, les troupes americaines
    faisant partie de la VIe Armee francaise se sont distinguees en
    enlevant a l'ennemi le Bois de la Brigade De Marine et le village
    de Vaux, en arretant son offensive sur la Marine et a Fossoy.
    The order changing the name of Bois de Belleau reads as follows:
    au Q. G. A., le 30 Juin, 1918.
    En raison de Ia brillante conduite de la 4eme Brigade de la 2eme
    D. U. S. qui a enleve de haute lutte Bouresches et le point d'appui
    important du Bois de Belleau, defendu avec acharnement par un
    adversaire nombreux, le general commandant la VI Armee decide que
    dorenavant, dans toutes les pieces officielles, le Bois de Belleau
    portera le nom de "Bois de la Brigade de Marine.
    Le General de Division Degoutte,
    Commandant la VI Armee.
    (Signed) DEGOUTTE
    A. M. le GENERAL CDT.
    s/c. de M. le General Cdt. La 2me D. U.S.

  2. #2
    Guest Free Member
    Great article! Looking back at the historic admin reports shows a lot about our evolution as a fighting force.

    WWI, I find it interesting that only 24 thousand out of 72 thousand Marines were actually on the Western Front. The rest of the nearly 50k were on Sea Duty or on shore installations.

    WWII saw our brilliant island hopping, then Korea saw us pushing deeper inland.

    The Pentagon now has us battling through the desert and all the way into Bagdad.

    Send in the Marines!

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