11-12-02, 06:00 PM
I've been posting links as opposed to material as some information is so overwhelming, or would be incomplete without downloading the whole website! LOL. So it is here!
A few stories for you perusal.....
11-12-02, 06:02 PM
11-12-02, 06:03 PM
DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY HEADQUARTERS UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS WASHINGTON 25. D. C.
IN REPLY REFER TOLC -lsm 561135 MAR. 30 1956
Mrs. John D. Farley 5512 Lyndale Avenue, South Minneapolis, Minnesota
My dear Mrs. Farley:
I am directed by the Commandant of the Marine Corps to forward
the below listed enclosed awards to which you are entitled in addition
to those previously issued you in memory of your husband, the late
Corporal John D. Farley, U. S. Marine Corps Reserve:
Facsimile of the Navy Presidential Unit Citation
with ribbon bar and star awarded the First Marine
Division, for service in Korea
National Defense Service Medal
Korean Service Medal
Facsimile of the Korean Presidential Unit Citation
awarded the First Marine Division, for service
By copy of this letter, a Korean Presidential Unit Citation Ribbon Bar
will be forwarded to you when available.
V. P. DARR
Acting Head, Decorations and Medals BrachEncl:(5)
THE SECRETARY OF THE NAVY WASHINGTON
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the
PRESIDENTIAL UNIT CITATION to the FIRST MARINE DIVISION,REINFORCED for
service as set forth in the following CITATION:
"For extraordinary heroism and outstanding performance of duty in
action against enemy aggressor forces in the Chosin Reservoir and Koto-
ri area of Korea from 27 November to 11 December 1950. When the full
fury of the enemy counterattack struck both the Eighth Army and the
Tenth Corps on 27 and 28 November 1950, the First Marine Division,
Reinforced, operating as the left flank division of the Tenth Corps,
launched a daring assault westward from Yudam-ni in an effort to cut the
road and rail communications of hostile forces attacking the Eighth Army
and, at the same time, continued its mission of protecting a vital main
supply route consisting of a tortuous mountain road running southward to
Chinhung-ni, approximately 35 miles distant. Ordered to withdraw to
Hamhung in company with attached army and other friendly units in the
face of tremendous pressure in the Chosin Reservoir area, the Division
began an epic battle against the bulk of the enemy Third Route Army and,
while small intermediate garrisons at Hagaru-ri and Koto-ri held firmly
against repeated and determined attacks by hostile forces, gallantly
fought its way successively to Hagaru-ri, Koto-ri, Chinhung-ni and
Hamhung over twisting, mountainous and icy roads in sub-zero
temperatures. Battling desperately night and day in the face of almost
insurmountable odds throughout a period of two weeks of intense and
sustained combat, the First Marine Division, Reinforced, emerged from
its ordeal as a fighting unit with its wounded, with its guns and
equipment and with its prisoners, decisively defeating seven enemy
divisions, together with elements of three others, and inflicting major
losses which seriously impaired the military effectiveness of the
hostile forces for a considerable period of time. The valiant fighting
spirit, relentless perseverance and heroic fortitude of the officers and
men of the First Marine Division, Reinforced, in battle against a vastly
outnumbering enemy, were in keeping with the highest traditions of the
United States Naval Service.
Page one of two pages
The following reinforcing units of the First Marine Division
participated in operations against enemy aggressor forces in Korea from
27 November to 11 December 1950:
ORGANIC UNITS OF THE FIRST MARINE DIVISION: First Marine Division (less
Detachment Headquarters Battalion; Detachment First Signal Battalion;
Detachment First Service Battalion; Detachment Headquarters and
Companies A & C, First Tank Battalion; Automotive Supply Company, First
Motor Transport Battalion; Automotive Maintenance Company, First Motor
Transport Battalion; Detachment First Ordnance Battalion; Detachment
Headquarters and Company A, First Medical Battalion; First Shore Party
Battalion; 4.5" Rocket Battery and Service Battery, Fourth Battalion,
ATTACHED MARINE CORPS UNITS: Companies A and B, Seventh Motor Transport
Battalion; Detachment Radio Relay Platoon.
ATTACHED ARMY UNITS: Provisional Battalion (Detachments, 31st and
32nd Regimental Combat Teams); Company D, 10th Engineer Combat Bat
talion; Tank Company, 31st Infantry Regiment; Headquarters Company, 31st
Infantry Regiment; Company B) 1st Battalion, 31st Infantry Regiment; 2nd
Battalion, 31st Infantry Regiment (less Company E); 185th Engineer
Combat Battalion (less Company A).
For the President,
Secretary of the Navy
11-12-02, 06:04 PM
11-12-02, 06:18 PM
The words repeatedly used in front of the phrase " fighting spirit " are: unyielding, valiant,indomitable. fierce, relentless, gallant, tenacious, invincible, aggressive, intrepid,....the phrase "fighting spirt" is not enough, and any descriptives are inadequate.
The citations are too much for me to read all at once.
One phrase that came close, in a way, was "harmonious fighting spirit."
All together, as one unit. Indivisible.
Google: USMC fighting spirit, and USMC fighting spirit defined