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booksbenji
01-30-05, 12:09 PM
January 30

1968 Tet Offensive shakes Cold War confidence


In coordinated attacks all across South Vietnam, communist forces launch their largest offensive of the Vietnam War against South Vietnamese and U.S. troops.

Dozens of cities, towns, and military bases--including the U.S. embassy in Saigon--were attacked. The massive offensive was not a military success for the communists, but its size and intensity shook the confidence of many Americans who were led to believe, by the administration of President Lyndon B. Johnson, that the war would shortly be coming to a successful close.

On January 30, 1968-during the Tet holiday cease-fire in South Vietnam-an estimated 80,000 troops of the North Vietnamese Army and National Liberation Front attacked cities and military establishments throughout South Vietnam. The most spectacular episode occurred when a group of NLF commandos blasted through the wall surrounding the American embassy in Saigon and unsuccessfully attempted to seize the embassy building. Most of the attacks were turned back, with the communist forces suffering heavy losses.

Battles continued to rage throughout the country for weeks--the fight to reclaim the city of Hue from communist troops was particularly destructive. American and South Vietnamese forces lost over 3,000 men during the offensive. Estimates for communist losses ran as high as 40,000.

While the communists did not succeed militarily, the impact of the Tet Offensive on public opinion in the United States was significant. The American people, who had been told a few months earlier that the war was successful and that U.S. troops might soon be allowed withdraw, were stunned to see fighting taking place on the grounds of the U.S. embassy.

Despite assurances from the Johnson administration that all was well, the Tet Offensive led many Americans to begin seriously questioning such statements, and to wonder whether American military might could truly prevail over the communist threat on foreign shores. In the 1950s, Americans had almost unconditionally supported a vigorous American response to communism; the reaction to the Tet Offensive seemed to reflect the growing skepticism of the 1960s, when Americans felt increasingly doubtful about the efficacy of such Cold War tactics. In the wake of the Tet Offensive, support for the U.S. effort in Vietnam began steadily to decline, and public opinion turned sharply against President Johnson, who decided not to run for re-election.


WHERE WERE U ON THIS DAY?

I was at Odessa Jr. College, TEXAS at student having coffee when a friend raced in and Big poop on the radio. We ran and listened for 45 minutes.

rsta
01-30-05, 12:55 PM
MCRD San Diego--I remember we were given various news accounts and statistics by our drill instrcutors of events going on in the world, but I really don't recall of any update on Tet. I'm not saying they didn't give us one, just don't recall.

Fred Pfeiffer
01-30-05, 01:34 PM
Remember it well.

I was at Marble Mountain Air Facility RVN, sitting in a bunker while 122 mm rockets were landing all around us.

Once the rockets quit hitting, the gunships from VMO-2 began pounding the VC just across the river south of Da Nang and we could see explosions of the Huey rockets landing on the VC positions. Payback!!

They hit us again the next night. Messed up a couple of our helicopters each night, but we got them flying again.

There were more attacks over the next few days, but most of our attention shifted to flying resupplies to the units in Hue City and medevacs out.

Ah, the memories.

Semper Fi,
Fred