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MillRatUSMC
01-11-04, 08:24 AM
While searching for the numbers designations of Marine Companies in WWI, I found these;
Foster, Frank L.
Forty-fifth Company, U.S. Marine Corps; now at the front in France

McLaughlin, Cornelius
Fiftieth company, U.S. Marines, Paris Island, S.C.

Menzie, Sergeant H.E.
U.S.M.C., U.S.S. Arkansas, Box 10, Care Postmaster, New York City

Sindlinger, L.E.
Eightieth Company, U.S. Marines training Camp, Paris Island, S.C.
Sloat, Charles Arthur

http://www.homeofheroes.com/thumbnails/6_wwi/kocak.jpg
Matej Kocak
Sergeant, US Marine Corps

Born: December 31, 1882 at Egbell,Hungary (Slovakia)
Entered Service: New York, NY
Date/Place of Action: July 18, 1918 - Soissons, France
Unit: 66th Company, 5th Regiment, 2d Division
Presentation: (Army) February 18, 1919 - (Navy) Nov 11, 192
DOUBLE RECIPIENT - Received BOTH Army and Navy MOH
Date of Death: October 04, 1918 (Killed In Action)
Buried at: Meuse Argonne Cemetery - Romagne Meuse, France

http://www.homeofheroes.com/thumbnails/6_wwi/kelly_afull.jpg
John Joseph Kelly
Private, US Marine Corps

Born: June 24, 1898 at Chicago, IL
Entered Service: Chicago, IL
Date/Place of Action: October 03, 1918 - Blanc Mont Ridge, France
Unit: 78th Company, 6th Regiment, 2d Division
Presentation: At Coblenz, France By General John J. Pershing on March 17, 1919
DOUBLE RECIPIENT - Received BOTH Army and Navy MOH
Date of Death: November 20, 1957
Buried at: All Saints Cemetery - Des Plaines, IL

http://www.homeofheroes.com/thumbnails/6_wwi/pruitt.jpg
John Henry Pruitt
Corporal, US Marine Corps

Born: October 04, 1896 at Fayetteville, AR
Entered Service: Phoenix, AZ
Date/Place of Action: October 03, 1918 - Blanc Mont Ridge, France
Unit: 78th Company, 6th Regiment, 2d Division
Presentation: G.O. 62, WD - May 10, 1919
Date of Death: October 04, 1918 (Killed In Action)
DOUBLE RECIPIENT - Received BOTH Army and Navy MOH
Buried at: Arlington National Cemetery - Arlington, VA

Below are exceprts from;
http://www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/usmchist/war.txt
The United States Marine Corps in the World War
By Major Edwin N. McClellan, USMC
First Printed 1920
Facsimile Reprinted 1968

The following units were organized by the Overseas Depot: Third, Fourth,
Fifth, Sixth, Ninth, Tenth, Eleventh Separate Battalions; Second and Third
Machine Gun Battalions; Fifth Brigade Machine Gun Battalion; Second and Third
Separate Machine Gun Battalions; Eleventh and Thirteenth Regiments; total,
approximately, 16,000 officers and enlisted men. The Seventh and Eighth
Separate Battalions were organized and sent to France from Marine Barracks,
Parris Island, S. C.

My note;
I think the letters were used by the Army.

FIFTH REGIMENT.
First Battalion. Second Battalion. Third Battalion.

17th (A) Company. 18th (E) Company. 16th (I) Company.
49th (B) Company. 43d (F) Company. 20th (K) Company.
66th (C) Company. 51st (G) Company. 45th (L) Company.
67th (D) Company. 55th (H) Company. 47th (M) Company.
My note;
In 1959, I was part of Charlie 1/5. it would have been the 66th Company of the 5th Marine Regiment.

8th Machine Gun Company.
Supply Company.
Headquarters Company.

SIXTH REGIMENT.
First Battalion. Second Battalion. Third Battalion.
74th (A) Company. 78th (E) Company. 82nd (J) Company.
75th (B) Company. 79th (F) Company. 83rd (K) Company.
76th (C) Company. 80th (G) Company. 84th (L) Company.
95th (D) Company. 96th (H) Company. 97th (M) Company.

73d Machine Gun Company.
Supply Company.
Headquarters Company.

SIXTH MACHINE GUN BATTALION.
15th (A) Company.
23d (B) Company.
77th (C) Company.
81st (D) Company.


UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS IN THE WORLD WAR.
1,811 battle deaths (of which approximately 1,062 were Marines) and suffered additional casualties amounting to 7,252 (of which approximately 3,615 were Marines).
It was that fighting and those 9,063 casualties that first made the
name Chateau-Thierry famous.

The achievements of the Fourth Brigade of Marines in the Chateau-Thierry sector was twice recognized by the French.
The first, which changed the name of the Bois de Belleau, was a beautiful tribute spontaneously made to the successes and to the losses of the Fourth Brigade of Marines, and shows the
deep effect that the retaking of Belleau Wood and other near-by positions from the Germans had on the feelings of the French and the morale of the Allies.
Official maps were immediately modified to conform with the provisions of the order, the plan directeur used in later operations bearing the name "Bois de la Brigade de Marine."
The French also used this new name in their orders, as
illustrated by an ordre general dated August 9, 1918, signed by the commanding general of the Sixth French Army, reading in part as follows:
Avant la grande offensive du 18 Juillet, les troupes americaines
faisant partie de la VIe Armee francaise se sont distinguees en
enlevant a l'ennemi le Bois de la Brigade De Marine et le village
de Vaux, en arretant son offensive sur la Marine et a Fossoy.
The order changing the name of Bois de Belleau reads as follows:
VI ARMEE, ETAT-MAJOR,
au Q. G. A., le 30 Juin, 1918.
6930/2.
ORDRE.
En raison de Ia brillante conduite de la 4eme Brigade de la 2eme
D. U. S. qui a enleve de haute lutte Bouresches et le point d'appui
important du Bois de Belleau, defendu avec acharnement par un
adversaire nombreux, le general commandant la VI Armee decide que
dorenavant, dans toutes les pieces officielles, le Bois de Belleau
portera le nom de "Bois de la Brigade de Marine.
Le General de Division Degoutte,
Commandant la VI Armee.
(Signed) DEGOUTTE
A. M. le GENERAL CDT.
la 4ME BRIGADE de MARINE.
s/c. de M. le General Cdt. La 2me D. U.S.

yellowwing
01-11-04, 11:08 AM
Great article! Looking back at the historic admin reports shows a lot about our evolution as a fighting force.

WWI, I find it interesting that only 24 thousand out of 72 thousand Marines were actually on the Western Front. The rest of the nearly 50k were on Sea Duty or on shore installations.

WWII saw our brilliant island hopping, then Korea saw us pushing deeper inland.

The Pentagon now has us battling through the desert and all the way into Bagdad.

Send in the Marines!